Trade, volatility, and the role of specialization and diversification

Trade, volatility, and the role of specialization and diversification

Between the 1950s and 1980s, many developing countries engaged in restrictive trade policies with the aim of achieving industrialization and reducing economic fragility. This was predicated upon the belief that trade, by increasing specialization, would expose countries to sectoral shocks, hence increasing volatility. This is what we term the ‘fragility’ hypothesis. Roll forward several decades … Read more

Researchers discover new stem cell mechanism in the gut

MIT chemists discover how changes in a shape-shifting receptor trigger cell growth

Jul 13 2022 Your gut is a wondrous place. A special layer of cells that coats the insides of your small and large intestines takes in nutrients and water from what you ate while keeping anything bad out of your system. This layer is called the intestinal epithelium. It completely renews itself every four to … Read more

Cornell researchers engineer a biohybrid composite material that mimics natural tissue

Cornell researchers engineer a biohybrid composite material that mimics natural tissue

Producing biomaterials that match the performance of cartilage and tendons has been an elusive goal for scientists, but a new material created at Cornell demonstrates a promising new approach to mimicking natural tissue. The results were published July 8 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciencesand provide a new strategy for synthesizing clinical … Read more

Scientists show how to design “ecological firewalls” for biosphere terraformation

Scientists show how to design "ecological firewalls" for biosphere terraformation

Modern science has advanced to the point where scientists can design living systems or modify existing ones, thereby pushing or breaking the limits of nature, in some cases, to achieve specific aims. Otherwise known as synthetic biology, this field of science looks to produce novel functional designs that are based on living cells or subcellular … Read more

Scientists capture a clear picture of the nuclear pore complex using X-rays

Scientists capture a clear picture of the nuclear pore complex using X-rays

Your body is made of close to 100 trillion cells that keep you healthy and alive. Each cell has billions of parts of its own, all of them working in tandem to keep life’s processes moving. One vital component of a cell is called a nuclear pore, which acts like the doors and windows in … Read more

Newly-discovered historical information reveals that Mendel was decades ahead of his time

Newly-discovered historical information reveals that Mendel was decades ahead of his time

Gregor Mendel, the Moravian monk, was indeed “decades ahead of his time and truly deserves the title of ‘founder of genetics.’” So concludes an international team of scientists as the 200th birthday of Mendel approaches on 20 July. The team, from KeyGene in the Netherlands and the John Innes Center in the UK, draw on … Read more

Earth’s oldest groundwaters have life’s power generators, find researchers

Representative Image

ANI | Updated: Jul 09, 2022 20:19 IST Toronto [Canada]July 9 (ANI): As per new research, scientists have now discovered 1.2 billion-year-old deep groundwater in a gold and uranium mine in South Africa, throwing more light on how life is sustained below the Earth’s surface and how it may survive on other worlds.The findings of … Read more

IMBA researchers uncover basic principles of early development using blastoids

IMBA researchers uncover basic principles of early development using blastoids

One often thinks that the early embryo is fragile and needs support. However, at the earliest stages of development, it has the power to feed the future placenta and instructs the uterus so that it can nest. Using ‘blastoids’, in vitro embryo models formed with stem cells, the Lab of Nicolas Rivron at IMBA showed … Read more

Scientists better explain microbiota functionality

Scientists better explain microbiota functionality

The Finland-based team combine mass spectrometry with computational methods to identify the most abundant proteins in a sample in which microbiota functionality and dynamics can be better defined. “Until recently, the research on microbiota has strongly focused on discovering which microbes are present in a sample but analyzing the functionality of the microbiota has been … Read more