The ‘Football War’.

By 1968 the López Arellano regime seemed to be in serious trouble. The economic situation was producing growing labor conflicts, political unrest, and even criticism from conservative groups such as Fenagh. Municipal elections were held in March 1968 to the accompaniment of violence and charges of open fraud, producing PNH victories but also fueling publicContinue reading “The ‘Football War’.”

A decade of tension.

The relative peace that Honduras had enjoyed for nearly two decades was shattered by a series of events during the year 1954 – president Gálvez’s last year in office. Tension throughout the region had been increasing steadily as a confrontation developed between the left- leaning government of President Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán in Guatemala and theContinue reading “A decade of tension.”

The Banana Industry.

Although the peaceful transfer of power from Bonilla to General Sierra in 1899 was important as being the first time in decades that such a constitutional transition had taken place, that particular year was a watershed in another even more important sense. In 1889 the Vaccaro brothers of New Orleans, founders of what would becomeContinue reading “The Banana Industry.”

An independent nation.

For Honduras, the period of federation had been disastrous. Local rivalries and ideological disputes had produced political chaos and greatly disrupted the economy. The British took advantage of the chaotic condition to reestablish their control over the Islas de la Bahía. As a result, Honduras wasted little time in formally seceding from the federation onceContinue reading “An independent nation.”

Gaining Independence.

In the early nineteenth century, Spanish power went into rapid decline. Although Spain was allied with France during the Napoleonic Wars, in 1808 Napoleon Bonaparte forced the Spanish king to abdicate and thus placed a Bonaparte upon the Spanish throne. In response, the Spanish erupted in revolt in Madrid and throughout Spain, setting off aContinue reading “Gaining Independence.”

Anglo-Spanish conflict.

One immense problem for the Spanish occupiers of Honduras was the incessant activity of the English along the northern Caribbean coast. These activities began in the late sixteenth century and continued into the nineteenth century. In the early years, Dutch as well as English pirates attacked the Caribbean coast, but as time passed the threatContinue reading “Anglo-Spanish conflict.”

Colonial Honduras.

The defeat of Lempira’s revolt, the establishment of the bishopric (first at Trujillo, then at Comayagua after Bishop Pedraza’s death), and the decline in fighting amongst rival Spanish factions all contributed to expanded settlement and increased economic activity in the 1540s. A variety of agricultural activities was developed, including cattle ranching and, for a time,Continue reading “Colonial Honduras.”

Pre-Columbian Honduras.

*Pre-Columbian definition: “relating to the history and cultures of the Americas before the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492.” Mayan Heritage. Pre-Columbian Honduras was populated by a complex mixture of indigenous peoples who stemmed from a wide variety of cultural backgrounds and linguistic chapters. The most advanced and notable of these were related to theContinue reading “Pre-Columbian Honduras.”

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